Attention-deficit/hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is considered a chronic and debilitating disorder. It is one of the most common mental disorders affecting children.
Some symptoms of ADHD are:
Inattention (not being able to focus)
Impulsivity (hasty acts that occur in the moment without thought)
Hyperactivity (Excess movement that is not fitting to the setting)
It is known that certain aspects of people’s lives are impacted by the disorder, such as, academic, and professional achievements, interpersonal relationships and daily functioning.
When untreated, children can suffer from poor social function and low self-esteem. Adults with ADHD may experience poor self-worth, sensitivity towards criticism and increased self-criticism.
Medical science has not yet identified the specific causes of ADHD. While there is growing evidence that genetics contribute to ADHD and several genes have been linked to the disorder, no specific gene or gene combination has been identified as the causes.
For treatment, this will encompass a combination of therapy and medication intervention. PCIT (parent-child interaction therapy), is an evidence-based therapy modality to help young children with ADHD and oppositional defiant disorder.
For adults, a diagnosis of ADHD could have been missed during childhood. Many adults do not realize they have the disorder. Adults with ADHD are treated with medication, psychotherapy, or a combination of the two.
Behavior management strategies, such as ways to minimize distractions and increase structure organization, are sometimes used by family and friends to help sustain daily function.
For help, speak to a doctor or a social guidance counsellor. There are many treatment options available for those who are struggling with ADHD.